An acid of the fatty series which bears the same relation to amyl alcohol as acetic acid to ethyl alcohol. It is said to exist in four different modifications, the normal variety being a liquid which boils at 185 degrees C., and is soluble in alcohol and ether. One of the varieties is found naturally in many plants, particularly valeran root and in angelica root from which if is obtained by boiling with soda. Valeric acid is a frequent product of the oxidation of the higher fatty acids, and can be prepared by the oxidation of amyl alcohol. It is used in medicine and perfumery.
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