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JUGLONE

jug’-Ion An active principle existing in the bark of the European walnut; it is also obtained by oxidizing hydrojug- lone with fcrric chlorid. It is almost insoluble in water, consists of yellow needles, and melts with decomposition at about 150-155

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JUMPERS

A name applied to those afflicted with a neurosis characterized by motor incoordination and convulsive movements of any part of the body, but especially of the lower extremities, so that springing movements or jumping movements follow efforts to walk, etc. The name has also been given to hysteric fanatics whose devotional frenzy is accompanied by acts of leaping and distortion; and also to certain persons whose powers of will and control over their movements are in part abolished. See Latah, Myriachit, Palms, and Saltatoric Spasm.

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JURY

A body of men legally appointed to determine the guilt or innocence of a prisoner, or to determine the facts in judicial inquiries. J.-leg, a wooden leg. J. of Matrons, a body of twelve matrons, formerly empaneled in England to determine if a murderess, for whom such plea was made, were pregnant. J.-mast, a steel shaft with curved iron rods attached, sometimes employed to support the head in disease of the upper vertebra; it is mainly ued In connection with Sayre’s treatment of spondylitis. .See annexed illustration.

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JALAP OR JALAPA

The tuber of Ipoma-a jalapa, a plant with properties due to two resins, jala- pin and convolvulin. It is an active hydragogue cathartic, especially useful in combination with calomel. J., Abstractum, an ingredient of pil. cathartic comp. Dose gr. j-v. J., Ext. Dose gr. v-xv. J., Resina, precipitated from the tincture by water. Dose gr. ij-v. J., Pulv., Comp., contains jalap 35, potassium bitartrate 65. Dose gr. x

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JAPANESE

Pertaining to Japan or its inhabitants. J. Method of Resuscitation; it consists in drawing forward the tongue and making rapid passes with paper fans soaked in water and aqua ammonia;. The object is to get as much of the vapor of ammonia into the lungs as possible. This method is also called Fanning. J. Fanning. See J. Method of Resuscitation. J. Hot-box, a device for applying dry-heat to a part, as the eyes.

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JEJUNITY

Fasting, hunger.

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JERKS

origin uncertain, A form of hysteric and almost maniacal’agitation, accompanied by sudden distortions of the body. It has been epidemic in certain seasons of unusual religious excitement.

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JUGO-MAXILLARY

Relating to the jugular vein and the maxilla.

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JUMPING

J Frenchmen. See Jumpers J.-sickness, a form of choromania. See Jumpers.

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JUSCULUM

L., a decoction, A soup or broth; gruel or porridge.

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