A colourless or slightly red essential oil of sp. gr. 1175 to 1185, rotation 025 degrees to i degrees, and boilingpoint about 218 degrees C., obtained from the Gaultheria procunlens, or Canada tea, which grows freely in New Jersey. It exists in all parts of the plant, has a pleasant odour, and contains a substance in the nature of a methyl combination with salicylic acid, from which that acid can bi prepared, although it is also produced synthetically. It is soluble in alcohol, ether, chloroform, and carbon disulphide, and is used in perfumery, confectionery, and for flavouring, as also in medicine.
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