There are several forms of industrial gas producers, but in that form known as the suction gas plant, anthracite is the fuel that is used and this is placed in a cylindrical furnace, air and steam being admitted below the burning fuel. The atmospheric oxygen first combines with the burning carbon to form carbon dioxide, and this, in passing through Ihe redhot mass, is converted into carbon monoxide. The steam is also decomposed to some extent, forming more carbon monoxide and hydrogen gas, both of which are combustible, and together with the residual nitrogen of the air, constitute the socalled “water gas,” having a high calorific value. This is washed and cooled in a scrubber before being sucked in by the piston of the engine. Coke and peat can be employed in the place of anthracite. Suction gas made as described has an approximate composition as follows, and a calorific value of about 140 B.T.U. per cubic foot:

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Definition of  GAS PRODUCERS