is a natural constituent of some plants and lichens, including Fumaria officinalis, Glauctum flavum, and Iceland moss. It crystallizes in colourless prisms, is inodorous, has an acid taste, and is readily soluble in hot water, alcohol, and ether. It is nearly allied in constitution to malic, acid, and it is resolved into succinic acid by the action of reducing agents.

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Definition of  FUMARIC ACID