What is DAFFODILS?

(Nat. Ord. Amaryllidacese). History.British gardens have had Daffodils in them for hundreds of years ; but within the last quarter of a century they have risen to a prominence which has been most marked. There is hardly a garden of any size without its Daffodils, and shows for Daffodils have been established in various centres. In New Zealand they are even more a feature of spring shows than in the old country. About the end of the eighteenth, and in the early half of the nineteenth centuries, it was the Polyanthes or bunch-flowered varieties that alone were considered worthy of notice, but the one-flowered hold the pride of place to-day. The change has been brought about by the work of Herbert, Dean of Manchester, Backhouse of York, Leeds of Manchester, Barr of London, and more especially Engleheart of Dinton, the most famous raiser of new 244 varieties who has ever lived. The modem developments of the flower are simply surprising. For convenience of reference the family has been divided into sections by the Daffodil Committee of the Royal Horticultural Society. Classlfleation : R.H.S. Classified List of Daffodils.This list is most useful. All the schedules of Daffodil shows are more or less arranged according to its provisions, and in bulb dealers catalogues the Daffodil part usually follows its main outlines. The divisions are based on (i) colour, (2) blood relationship, and (3) the general shape of the bloom, which depends on the proportions which the central part of the flower, or the corona, bears to the petals, or to write more strictly botanically, the perianth segments. (When the parts of the calyx and corolla are like one another, as in the Narcissus or Daffodil family, they are usually spoken of as a Perianth.) The following are the divisions : (a) Trumpet Daffodils.The trumpet or corona is as long as or longer than the perianth segments. The sub-divisions depend on colour ; e.g. (i) Yellow, (2) White, (3) Bicolor. (b) Incomparabilis.The cup or corona must be not less than onethird, but less than equal to the length of the perianth segments. The sub-divisions depend on the colour of the perianth ; (i) Yellow perianths, (2) White perianths. (c) -Barrii.The cup or corona must be less than one -third the length of the perianth segments. The sub-divisions depend on the colour of the perianth ; (i) Yellow perianths, (2) White perianths. (d) Leedsii.The perianths must be white, with white, cream, or pale citron cups, which are sometimes tinged with pink or apricot. The sub-divisions depend upon size ; e.g. (i) Flowers of Incomparabilis proportions, (2) Flowers of Barrii proportions. (e) Triandrus Hybrids. All varieties which obviously contain triandrus blood, such as Queen of Spain (yellow), and Venetia (white). (/) Cyclamineus Hybrids. Flowers with cyclamineus as one of the parents. (g) JoNQUiLLA Hybrids.Varieties of Narcissus Jonquilla parentage, such as Buttercup, Odorus, etc. etc. Jonquil blood gives richness and smoothness of texture. (h) Tazetta AND Tazetta Hybrids. These are the Polyanthes Narcissus of gardens. The new poetaz (hybrids between a poet and a bunch-flowered or tazetta variety) are also included. (

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Definition of  DAFFODILS