What is ACCOUNTS?

Garden and Allotment. A question very often asked, and one which is but seldom easy to answer, is found in”Does your Garden pay ?”A definite reply is not often given if the question is put to private gardeners ; they will probably say :”Oh yes, I think it pays, but I do not really mind if it does not.”If, however, the quesquestion is put to a market grower, he answers”Yes”quickly enough, since if his garden did not pay he would soon be bankrupt. We are much in favour of private gardens being financed much more in the manner of market gardens. In market gardening the keeping of strict accounts is essential to success, and it would be a much more satisfactory arrangement if accounts were strictly kept for private gardens as well. At present very little is done in this direction; in many cases money is no object, it is handed to the gardener for payments, and set down in the householders account as”Gardening,”but no attempt is made at finding out what the gain or return from this money is. People we have spoken to on this question have said to us :”Why should we trouble ? We get the pleasure and the vegetables out of our garden, and whether it pays or not does not matter.”We think, however, it matters greatly. We may say without fear of contradiction that many large gardens of country residences are conducted in a far too extravagant manner. Since there is no reckoning up of profit and loss, there is no way of determining exactly where this extravagance lies. No one can blame the head gardeners of such places. They want to give their master of the best ; and until they know that he is reckoning up profit and loss and wants a fair return for the big bills he has to pay, they will continue in their old ways. But the moment he begins to wonder why the bills are so big and enters into the question, his head gardener will find that he can give him just the same for nearly half the cost. On allotments more care should be taken stiU in the keeping of accurate detailed accounts. Even the first year, the holder shouldHis receipts will not begin until about June, when he will start pulling his peas and saladings, and lifting his early potatoes. He will not need to sell his produce to find out what his receipts are, but he should ask his wife to inquire on the day he lifts or gets in his crops what the current price is, and enter this in his book. A page in his receipts in the summer will probably read something like this :I At the beginning of the food crisis in 1917 the writer took a 400 sq. yd. war plot with a view to finding out if it would pay the first year. A careful account wats kept, and it was found at the end of the season that there was a clear profit of

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Definition of  ACCOUNTS